Art History 101

Street Art Painting, Origins and Techniques

Originating from the late 1970s graffiti scene in New York, street art paintings moved from subway cars and concrete walls to the white walls of galleries and museums. Read on to learn the beginnings of the street art movement and how street artists used varied techniques to bring street art painting to where it is today.

Origins

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Keith Haring’s first major outdoor mural is on the Houston Bowery building in New York City (Image: Widewalls)

Evolving out of the graffiti art scene in New York City during the late 1970s and early 1980s, street art paintings served as a vehicle to raise awareness for issues such as class, gender, sex, race, and ethnicity for the countercultures that they arose from through symbolically utilizing their strife in visual statements. The graffiti boom coincided with the emergence of the New York punk, rap, and new wave cultures, which, like street art, sought to create outside of commercialism and mainstream culture. Unlike graffiti, which was primarily used to speak to other insiders of a similar demographic, street art brought issues from the outside to a wider, public view. Street artists chose to highlight visual and symbolic elements of their work rather than the text being in the forefront to present the artist’s views on current social and political issues.

Techniques and Famous Street Artists

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Stop the Bomb by Lee Quinones was created on a subway car in 1979. (Image: NYTimes)

Building upon the graffiti base of spray paint, early street artists such as Lee Quinones and street art collective AVANT created acrylic paintings on public walls and transportation. Their work began to be shown in galleries in the 1908s. Combining aerosol spray paint and stenciling allowed street artists to cover a large area in order to create their murals quickly, which was imperative, as street art was still largely considered illegal.

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Street artist René Moncada created a series of works proclaiming “I AM THE BEST ARTIST René.” (Image: YouTube)

Early works often used large bubble-lettering known as throw-ups with an artist’s stencil to easily paint more detailed images over the lettering.

American pop artist and activist Keith Haring (1958 - 1990) paints the original version of his 'Crack is Wack' mural on the wall of a hand ball court in a public park (at East 128th Street and 2nd Avenue, alongside Harlem River Drive), New York, New York , summer 1986. This first version of the mural, painted in response to the then-ongoing epidemic of crack cocaine usage in New York, was executed illegally and was subsequently completely repainted with different imagery (and legally, with the blessing of the city's government who renamed the park the 'Crack is Wack Playground') at least once by Haring in the following months. (Photo by Juan Rivera/Roulette Fine Art/Getty Images)
Keith Haring paints the original version of his Crack is Wack mural on the wall of a hand ball court in a public park. (Image: Animal)

Many large-scale murals that were created by street artists contain subject matter that is tied to political and social movements. Keith Haring first gained recognition for creating small chalk drawings in subway stations, but would go on to create large murals advocating for safe sex and anti-drug use.

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Scull by Jean-Michel Basquiat (Image: WikiArt)

Using the tag “SAMO,” Jean-Michel Basquiat entered the street art scene through graffiti but quickly translated the graffiti and street art aesthetic onto canvas. Gallerists, museums, and the art elite widely accepted and collected Basquiat’s work which frequently incorporated airbrush techniques.

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Banksy commenting of a lost childhood that is a reality of many. (Image: Business Insider)

Banksy is considered the most famous street artist working today. Despite concealing his identity and not publicly claiming of any of the works credited to him, his artworks sell for hundreds of thousands of dollars. His oeuvre utilizes street art techniques such as spray paint and stenciling to create satirical messages all over the globe.

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